Guidelines for Contributors

Peer Review Process

Two members of the Editorial Board will read the submitted manuscripts. Make sure your article properly emphasizes the proposed theme of the UBR issues you are submitting it for. Only submissions that seem most likely to meet our thematic and editorial criteria are sent for formal review. Those manuscripts judged by the editors to not comply with the ongoing theme, to be of insufficient general interest or otherwise inappropriate are rejected promptly without external review although these decisions may be based on informal advice from specialists in the field.

Manuscripts judged to be of potential interest to our readership are sent for formal review, typically to two reviewers. The editors then make a decision based on the reviewers’ advice.

We also welcome book reviews of recently published titles (not earlier than three years before the issue that hosts the review). Such contributions will feature in a designated section of our journal.

Our Peer-Reviewing Policy

Since 2010, we have gone from a simple/open blind peer-review to a double-blind peer-reviewing system in order to ensure the quality of our published material.

Therefore, all submitted articles must be kept anonymous at all times during the reviewing process, as must the identity of the reviewers. The reviewers are called to represent the interests of both the authors and the editors by making sure that the content and form of the articles match the highest standards in academic research and publication.

We regret we are unable to accept submissions that do not observe the anonymity prerequisites outlined above.

Articles of 4,000-5,000 words (including footnotes and Works Cited) should be sent at the email address

Please also include at the beginning of the article an abstract of 250-300 words and a list of 5-7 keywords.

Your name and a bio of 75-100 words (including your affiliation and country of residence) should be attached as a separate electronic document to your email (or sent as a separate envelope in your postage), in order to preserve the anonymity of the author.

 Editing Style

All submissions must adhere strictly to the MLA Style for editing and citing. Please refer to the following Guidelines, which are in accordance with MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 7th ed., (2009).

Please also note the following requirements from the Editors:

Title: Use Palatino Linotype 14, Bold, single spacing, centered for the title of the article. Book titles should be marked in Italics, while titles of poems, plays, short stories and essays published in anthologies should be enclosed within double quotation marks

Keywords and abstract: The title should be followed by a list of 5-7 keywords (separated by semicolon), and an abstract, Palatino Linotype 11. Use Italics for keywords and abstract, with the exception of book titles which should be typed in Regular font here, but in Italics in the title and body of the article.

Body of the article: Use Palatino Linotype 11, single spacing, justified alignment for the body of your article. The first line of each paragraph should be indented 0.5 inches.

1. Indent block quotations 0.5 inches and use Palatino Linotype 10, single spacing, justified alignment.
2. Use double quotation marks for quotations in running text (single quotation marks for a quotation within your in-text quotation) and no marks for block quotations.
3. Differentiate between double quotation marks and single quotation marks ‘…’ for special use of words. E.g. In this paper, I am using the term ‘presence’ to ….

1. Footnotes should be used instead of endnotes. They are not mandatory and contain only marginal explanations and supplementary information. Please do not include editorial data in the footnotes; use the MLA in-text citation system only. Use Palatino Linotype 10 (Regular), single spacing, justified for footnotes.
2. Footnote numbers should be superscripted and inserted after almost all punctuation marks, with the exception of dashes and parenthesis.

1. Place punctuation marks outside quotation marks, unless they are part of the quoted material.
2. The ellipsis mark in quoted passages should be represented by three dots with spaces in between: “. . .” (instead of […] or (…)).
3. Final punctuation marks should be placed after parenthetical citations when the quotation is run into the text. The opposite is true for indented block quotations.
4. Leave no spaces with your slashes, e.g. race/ethnicity (not race / ethnicity).

In-text citations:
1. In-text or paranthetical citations are placed after the quoted material and usually contain the last name of the author and the cited page: (Blake 5).
2. In case of in-text citations that refer to websites, the last name of the author should be followed by a coma and a shortened version of the title of the section (not the website) from which the material is borrowed: (McKinlay, “Churchill’s Black”). If the author is unknown, use only the shortened version of the title (“Churchill’s Black”).
3. When citing multiple works by the same author, the in-text citation should include the author’s last name followed by a comma, a shortened version of the work’s title (not the year of publication) and the page number: (Blake, All Religions 5), (Blake, There is No 16), (Stoppard, “Rosencrantz and Guildenstern” 15), (Stoppard, “The Real Inspector” 10).
4. When citing woks by different authors with the same last name, please include the first letter of the first name as well: (A. Assmann 250), (J. Assmann 119).

Works Cited:
1. Use Palatino Linotype 11, regular, single spacing, justified, with a hanging indent of 0.5 inches.
2. Primary and secondary works should not be distinguished in the Works Cited section.
3. If two or more consecutive entries in the Works Cited section have the same author, replace the name of the author with three continuous hyphens “—” in all but the first entry. Please do not use ibid or ibidem anywhere in the paper.

Photos: We are sorry we can accept no more than 3 photos per article. They should be saved in the .jpeg format. Authors are responsible for obtaining permission to reproduce any illustrated material for which they do not hold the copyright.